• 2019

    As we start this new year, it feels that the Universe is continuing to push us towards clearing out all that is not working for us, whether it be on a personal or global level. The energy was very strong druing the last couple of months of last year and has continued into this year. My sense is that if people, dont step up and make the changes needed, they will find themselves in a situation where it is forced upon them, whether through ill health, redundancy or other unwanted experience.

    Unless we want some big cataclysmic expereince here on earth, we HAVE to make changes, to the way we are living our lives. My personal feeling is that these changes are going to have to come from the bottom up. We cannot look to those at the top, to make the changes for our well being. They are too caught up in the dense energies to help us out of them.

    It is also very easy for individuals to get caught up in the dense energy too. Ths energy fed with the fear and negativity brought about the news.

    Whatever we focus our attention on, we will get more of.

    As I have said before - thoughts become things, think the good ones!

    We are all beings of light. We have become trapped in this density by our past mistakes and have continued to go round in circles repeating the same patterns. To get off, we have to start living from our heart centre wth the values of love and respect for all living creatures and the earth itself. At some level, we are all connected as one. We are all sparks of creation (God).

    I ask that you spend some time each day imagining that you are drawing light down frome the Universe, through your crown chakra, filling your own body with that light and then sending it our from your heart centre outwards. Directing to any person, any institution, business, government, country that would benefit from light being shone into its darkness.

    The more people who join together as beacons of light, the more quickly we will see the changes that are needed.



  • Happy Christmas

    As any of you who know me will already know, I struggle little at this time of year with all of the commercialism that exists around Christmas. This year, I have found myself in front of the television far more than I would normally be, as I have been recovering from an accident. The tv has been full of gifts and food etc

    Anyway, I have also come across a website https://choose.love/ and https://www.crisis.org.uk/get-involved/reserve-a-place-at-crisis-at-christmas

    I am aware that there are many charities. I am not sure that with all of them the money donated actually gets to where it is needed, but these seem to be very worthwhile. Maybe you would like to join me in donating to those who are struggling to fulfil theri basic needs of food, clothing and shelter.

    It would be wonderful to live in a world, where charities were not required, because every living creature, human and animal, were treated with love and care and all needs were provided for, in a society that lived with the values of love and respect.

    War is created by fear. Fear is the opposite of love. Let us all open our hearts to love and a world of peace!



  • Appointments

    I apologise to anyone who has been trying to make an appointment.

    I have had to take an unexpected break in order to recover from an accident last week. Not a car accident, I hasten to add, which is most peoples assumption on using the word accident.

    I thought that I would be back to work as usual this last Monday, but recovery appears to be much slower than i either wanted or expected.

    I will reopen appointments as soon as I able to give a treatment.

    In the meantime, I wish everyone a safe and happy lead up to the festive period.



  • Prostate Cancer - Part 2

    The Impact of Diet on Prostate Cancer

    An extensive review conducted by an expert panel on behalf of the World Cancer Research Fund and the American Institute for Cancer Research has shown clear links between specific foods and nutrients and prostate cancer risk.

    For instance, foods that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids and lycopene protect against prostate cancer, as does a low-carbohydrate diet. Additionally, pulses (legumes), green tea, pomegranates, and high levels of vitamin D in the blood also lower prostate cancer risk.

    Excessive consumption of calcium through supplements or dairy foods is linked to an elevated prostate cancer risk

    Excessive consumption of calcium through supplements or dairy foods is linked to an elevated prostate cancer risk

    On the other hand, excess consumption of dairy or supplements containing calcium have been linked to an increased risk of prostate cancer.

    Similarly, regular consumption of sugared beverages, refined, and processed foods is associated with a greater risk of prostate cancer.

    Organically and locally grown, pesticide-free, and non-irradiated fruits and vegetables are rich sources of vitamins, minerals, and hundreds of healthful phytochemicals. Several epidemiologic studies have found that the more fruits and vegetables you eat, the lower your overall cancer risk as well as prostate cancer risk.

    Specifically, cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, and allium vegetables such as garlic, leeks, chives, and shallots contain sulfurous phytochemicals (known as sulforaphanes) that enhance your immune system, along with blocking cell growth and inducing programmed cell death (apoptosis) in cancer cells.

    For instance, broccoli contains a powerful sulforaphane. Research shows that men who eat broccoli show hundreds of beneficial changes in genes that are known to play a role in fighting cancer.

    Allium vegetables also appear to protect against prostate cancer, although the data is limited at present. A randomized trial with 199 men found that a mix of pomegranate, green tea, broccoli, and turmeric significantly reduced the rate of rise in PSA protein in men with prostate cancer.

    Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was shown to reduce overall mortality rate by 22 percent in men already diagnosed with non-nonmetastatic prostate cancer

    Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was shown to reduce overall mortality rate by 22 percent in men already diagnosed with non-nonmetastatic

    prostate cancer

    The so-called “Mediterranean diet” – long associated with longevity as well as lower cardiovascular and cancer mortality – contains many foods that lower the risk of prostate cancer. Compared with western European countries, Greece has lower prostate cancer mortality. Consumption of a traditional Mediterranean diet may be responsible for lowering their risk.

    A clear link exists between obesity and higher prostate cancer risk, along with a higher risk of metastasis and death among obese people who develop prostate cancer.

    Next, let’s take a closer look at some dietary components and their role in prostate cancer risk.

    Do Carbohydrates Have an Impact on Prostate Cancer Risk Factors?

    Some experts believe that high levels of insulin promote prostate cancer. So it makes sense that reducing carbohydrate intake – especially foods with a high glycemic index (GI) – to control your insulin levels can also help to lower your prostate cancer risk.

    (Note: The GI is a number associated with a food that indicates the food’s effect on blood glucose (also known as blood sugar) levels. A value of 100 represents the standard, equal to an equivalent amount of pure glucose. The GI represents the rise in a person’s blood sugar level following consumption of a particular food and is useful for understanding how the body breaks down different carbohydrates during digestion.)

    A high intake of refined carbohydrates (e.g. bread, cakes, and candy) has been shown to increase risk of prostate cancer

    A high intake of refined carbohydrates (e.g. bread, cakes, and candy) has been shown to increase risk of prostate cancer

    In animal models, both a zero-carbohydrate diet and a low-carbohydrate diet (both low GI) were seen to slow prostate tumor growth. In human studies, high intake of refined carbohydrates (high GI) was associated with increased risk of prostate cancer.

    To lower your risk of prostate cancer, nutrition experts recommend consuming controlled quantities of complex carbohydrates rich in dietary fiber, which are low to medium GI and also usually contain many of the vitamins and minerals your body needs to remain healthy and disease-free. Some examples of good complex carbs include pumpkin, butternut squash, sweet potato, plantain, quinoa, brown rice, bananas, organic sweet corn.

    Replacing junk food in your diet with quality complex carbohydrates can help to improve insulin, cholesterol, and blood pressure regulation.

    Stay away, however, from refined grains that are stripped of the fiber- and nutrient-rich bran and germ portions of the seed. Foods made with refined grains (such as those found in many breakfast cereals) are typically very poor both in terms of fiber content and nutrition.

    A recent study shows that regular consumption of refined foods and sugared beverages was linked to a three-fold greater risk of prostate cancer, while higher intake of processed foods including pizza, burgers, and meat sandwiches doubled prostate cancer risk.

    Above all, be sure to completely avoid or minimize your consumption of overly refined and processed foods, including sweets, cakes, pies, doughnuts, and all artificially sweetened foods and beverages. Refined foods and sugary drinks triple the risk of prostate cancer.

    Lower Prostate Cancer Risk with Omega-3 Fats

    Omega-3 fatty acids are polyunsaturated fats, or PUFAs. They include the shorter-chain alphalinolenic acid (ALA) and the more important longerchain eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).

    We obtain ALA when we consume plants and plant oils – specifically walnuts, edible seeds, clary sage seed oil, algal oil, flaxseeds and flaxseed oil, Sacha Inchi oil, Echium oil, and hemp oil.

    Far richer dietary sources for EPA and DHA include oily fish such as cod liver, herring, mackerel, wild salmon, and sardine. Fish oils, egg oil, squid oils, and krill oil, as well as various edible seaweed and phytoplankton are also good sources.

    Also, we can make the long-chain omega-3 PUFAs – EPA and DHA – from the shorter-chain ALA in our bodies, although the ability to do this may become impaired with age.

    Laboratory experiments on cell lines and animal studies suggest that omega-3s lower overall cancer risk by suppressing inflammation, inducing programmed cell death (apoptosis), and preventing the formation of new blood vessels that fuel tumor growth.

    Omega-3 PUFAs have been shown to slow the growth of prostate cancer cells in the laboratory. Further, higher consumption of omega-3s has been linked to a lower rate of death from all causes among men with non-metastatic prostate cancer in the Health Professionals Follow-up study.

    In a study of 48 men with prostate cancer, a repeat biopsy in six months showed that eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) supplementation prevents prostate cancer progression.

    In general, regular consumption of omega-3 fats from fish lowers fatal prostate cancer risk

    In general, regular consumption of omega-3 fats from fish lowers fatal prostate cancer risk

    A low-fat diet with omega-3 PUFA supplementation four to six weeks prior to radical prostatectomy (a surgical procedure to remove part of or all of the prostate gland) reduced prostate cancer cell proliferation and cell cycle progression. In general, regular consumption of omega-3 PUFAs from fish lowers fatal prostate cancer risk. However, more research is needed to understand the exact role of the amount and type of total fat and different fatty acids in prostate cancer risk.

    The Calcium Connection With Prostate Cancer

    Increased consumption of dairy products has been shown to nearly double the risk of prostate cancer. Calcium is one of the primary ingredients in dairy products. It is also the most abundant mineral in the human body and is considered essential for life.

    Up to 99% of the body’s calcium is stored in bones and teeth, to support their structure and function. Your bones undergo continuous remodeling, with constant “resorption” (leaching of calcium out of bone) and deposition of calcium into new bone. However, calcium levels in the blood are very tightly controlled and do not fluctuate with dietary intake.

    Milk, yogurt, and cheese are rich natural sources of calcium. Non-dairy sources include Chinese cabbage, kale, and broccoli. Spinach contains calcium, but unfortunately our bodies are not able to absorb a lot of it. Most grains, cereals, some fruit juices and drinks, and tofu are fortified with calcium.

    So, what is the connection between calcium consumption and prostate cancer?

    In one study, almond milk slowed the growth of prostate cancer cells, while cow’s milk caused the cancer cells to grow faster

    In one study, almond milk slowed the growth of prostate cancer cells, while cow’s milk caused the cancer cells to grow faster

    In an eye-opening 2011 study, prostate cancer cells were treated with cow milk, almond milk, soy milk, casein, or lactose in a laboratory setting. Amazingly, prostate cancer cells treated with cow milk grew faster! Soy milk did not affect the growth of prostate cancer cells, while almond milk actually slowed the growth of prostate cancer cells.

    Another study in 2012 looked at the consequences of consuming different doses of vitamin D and calcium in mice containing human prostate cancer cells. Interestingly, prostate cancer cells grew fastest in mice that received normal calcium and no vitamin D at all, relative to other diets. In other words, vitamin D deficiency in the presence of calcium appears to help prostate cancer cells grow better.

    Several epidemiological studies have found an association between high consumption of calcium or dairy foods or both, and an increased risk of prostate cancer in men.

    (Note: Epidemiology is the study and analysis of the patterns, causes, and effects of health and disease conditions in specific populations.)

    Specifically, studies of dairy products, dietary calcium, and prostate cancer risk indicate that high total calcium consumption is linked to a greater risk of advanced and metastatic prostate cancer. For example, a 2015 review of 32 studies found that consuming lots of milk, low-fat milk, cheese, total dietary calcium, and dairy calcium was linked to a greater prostate cancer risk.

    Interestingly, in this same review, calcium supplements and non-dairy calcium were not linked with an increased risk of developing prostate cancer. Instead, calcium supplements seemed to increase the risk of dying from prostate cancer that was already present.

    Overall, consuming more than 1,500–2,000 mg of total calcium daily seems to be responsible for increased prostate cancer risk, especially advanced and metastatic cancer, when compared with consuming 500–1,000 mg daily.

    Daily doses of more than 1,000 mg have also been associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease and death.

    The Benefits of Green Tea

    Drinking 2-3 cups of green tea daily will likely provide positive health benefits

    Drinking 2-3 cups of green tea daily will likely provide positive health benefits

    After water, tea is the most widely consumed beverage in the world. Traditionally made from the leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant, many studies suggest that green tea lowers prostate cancer risk.

    For instance, prostate cancer mortality rates are the lowest in Asian countries where per capita consumption of green tea is high. Not only that, prostate cancer risk rises in Asian men who migrate to the U.S. and abandon their traditional dietary habits.

    In laboratory experiments, green tea and green tea extracts have been shown to stop cancer cells from growing, and even kill them – along with preventing the formation and growth of new blood vessels in tumors, depriving them of essential nutrients.

    The cancer-fighting properties of green tea are believed to be because of the presence of bioactive green tea polyphenols known as catechins. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is the main catechin, making up 50-75% of the total catechins in green tea.

    The beneficial effects of green tea may be due to EGCG’s ability to block the actions of male hormones (known as androgens) on their receptor proteins in prostate cancer cells. This slows their spread and increases the rate at which they die. Preventing the activation of the androgen receptor is a successful approach to treating prostate cancer, so green tea is likely to be useful as a future therapy for this disease.

    EGCG also lowers the activity of enzymes known as histone deacetylases in prostate cancer cells, which also contributes to their death. In fact, EGCG treatment has been shown to change the expression of up to 40 genes in prostate cancer cells.

    One potential problem with these laboratory studies is the high doses of tea polyphenols used to treat prostate cancer cells. We may need to drink seven to nine cups of green tea or more to achieve equivalent levels of EGCG in our blood, which is unlikely to be tolerated well by our digestive system.

    However, drinking such a lot of green tea may not be necessary to take advantage of its protective effects. Taking two or three cups daily (or more, depending on your preference) of a quality green tea should still provide significant desired health benefits.

    Studies in mice show that treatment with green tea catechins mimicking daily consumption of 6 cups of green tea delays the development of prostate tumors. In another study, mice having human prostate cancer cells that were treated daily with EGCG showed clear reductions in tumor volume and lower blood PSA levels, suggesting that EGCG could potentially be used to treat patients with advanced prostate cancer.

    Moving on to human studies… in an Italian study, 60 men diagnosed with high-grade PIN were randomly assigned to receive green tea catechin capsules (600 mg daily) or a placebo every day for an entire year.

    (Note: Prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) is a condition in which prostate gland cells become somewhat abnormal, but still don’t look like prostate cancer cells under a microscope. High-grade PIN is considered to be a pre-cancer of the prostate because it is likely to turn into prostate cancer over time.)

    After six months, six of the 30 men in the placebo group were diagnosed with prostate cancer, relative to none in the green tea catechin group. After one year, nine men in the placebo group, but only one man in the green tea catechin group were diagnosed with prostate cancer.

    These findings clearly show that green tea catechins can help to prevent prostate cancer in people who are at high risk for the disease – and that this protective effect is long-lasting.

    So far, all the evidence strongly indicates that green tea consumption is the most beneficial in men diagnosed with early PIN lesions, men who are at high risk of developing prostate cancer, and men who are undergoing so-called “watchful waiting.”

    (Note: Watchful waiting is the term used to describe closely watching a patient’s condition without giving treatment, unless symptoms appear or change. This approach is typically used in conditions that progress slowly – such as prostate cancer – especially when the risks of treatment are believed to be greater than the potential benefits.)

    However, green tea appears to have limited or no benefits in patients who are already suffering from advanced prostate cancer – especially if the cancer has already metastasized, or migrated to other parts of the body.

    Because of its promising anti-cancer activity, many human clinical trials have been carried out – and are ongoing – to conclusively find out whether EGCG and green tea extract supplements can help to protect against the onset of prostate cancer. In the meantime, you can safely drink two to three cups (or more, depending on your preference) of green tea daily to help lower your risk of developing prostate cancer, usually without any serious side effects.

    Please note that if you are sensitive to caffeine or on prescription medications, you should first consult your physician before adding green tea to your diet.

    Learn to Love Lycopene

    Cooked tomatoes have even higher levels of lycopene than raw tomatoes

    Cooked tomatoes have even higher levels of lycopene than raw tomatoes

    Lycopene is a carotenoid, a natural pigment found in pink and red fruits and vegetables such as apricots, guavas, watermelons, pink grapefruit, red carrots, red bell peppers, and tomatoes.

    In its natural state lycopene helps to protect plants from light-induced stress and also helps them make nutrients using the sun’s energy. We cannot make lycopene ourselves, so we need to consume these colorful fruits and vegetables regularly to take full advantage of lycopene’s health benefits.

    One common source of lycopene is from tomatoes and tomato-based products such as tomato paste and tomato puree. Good fats such as olive oil and butter help to increase the absorption of lycopene from food into our bodies. For example, cooking diced tomatoes with olive oil significantly increases lycopene absorption.

    Lycopene acts as an antioxidant by countering harmful “free radicals” in our body.

    (Note: A free radical is a highly reactive molecule that damages important biological structures in our body’s cells, such as DNA and proteins. Antioxidants limit the damage free radicals cause by neutralizing them.)

    In addition to tomatoes, other sources of lycopene include pink grapefruit, watermelon, apricots, guava, red bell peppers, and red cabbage

    In addition to tomatoes, other sources of lycopene include pink grapefruit, watermelon, apricots, guava, red bell peppers, and red cabbage

    Multiple studies show that lycopene consumption helps to prevent prostate, lung, and stomach cancers. Not only that, lycopene consumption may also lower the risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke.

    So how does lycopene consumption affect prostate cancer risk factors? In the laboratory, treating human prostate cancer cells with lycopene “arrested” them in their cell cycles – specifically, it stopped them from growing by blocking the expression of a protein known as cyclin D1. The more lycopene, the better it worked. Scientific evidence now suggests lycopene can block cancer cell growth at multiple stages in their growth cycle.

    Epidemiological studies have shown that men who consume high amounts of dietary lycopene have a lower risk of prostate cancer. For instance, a 2004 meta-analysis found a small positive effect of tomato products on reduction of prostate cancer risk. The Health Professionals Follow-Up study indicated that lycopene in tomatoes helps to lower prostate cancer risk, specifically by affecting the formation and growth of new blood vessels that normally fuel tumor growth.

    The National Cancer Institute’s Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial looked at the association between lycopene consumption and prostate cancer risk. It found that increased lycopene consumption was linked to lower prostate cancer risk, but only among men who had a family history of prostate cancer.

    Another study looked at prostate cancer progression in 40 patients with high-grade prostate intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN). Twenty of these men were given lycopene twice a day, while the remaining 20 were given no lycopene supplementation over a period of two years. Those patients treated with lycopene supplements showed a greater reduction in their blood PSA levels.

    Not only that, adenocarcinomas were diagnosed in 6 out of the 20 patients who had not received the supplements, but only in 2 out of the 20 patients who had received lycopene. Clearly, lycopene may be an effective tool for preventing high-grade PIN from progressing to prostate cancer.

    Numerous large studies have examined the connection between lycopene and prostate cancer risk

    Numerous large studies have examined the connection between lycopene and prostate cancer risk

    In another study, patients with localized prostate cancer who were given lycopene supplements twice daily for 3 weeks prior to prostatectomy had smaller tumors and lower serum PSA levels.

    To add this healthful phytochemical in your diet, simply consume tomatoes and tomato-based products such as tomato puree, spaghetti sauce, tomato soup, salsa, ketchup, and tomato paste – which are all much more concentrated sources of lycopene than fresh tomatoes!

    However, these products typically also contain high levels of salt, sugar, and preservatives, making them a lot less healthy than consuming fresh organic tomatoes.

    As mentioned above, cooking tomatoes and other lycopene-rich foods in olive oil and butter helps to increase lycopene absorption. Health experts recommend that to make the most of lycopene’s anti-cancer benefits, you should consume between 5,000 to 10,000 micrograms of lycopene daily, obtained from organic food sources.

    Higher daily doses have been shown to cause diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting, bloating, gas, and gut irritation. So the best approach you can take is to include many different varieties of fresh or canned unadulterated, non-irradiated tomatoes and other lycopene-containing organic fruits and vegetables in your meals and salads as often as you can. Besides lycopene, other phytochemicals in these foods may also be contributing anti-cancer health benefits.

    Pomegranate: The Prostate Cancer Preventer

    Only use fresh pomegranate juice made from the actual fruit, not processed pomegranate-flavored “drinks”

    Only use fresh pomegranate juice made from the actual fruit, not processed pomegranate-flavored “drinks”

    Originally from the region that is now modern-day Iran, the pomegranate is cultivated widely throughout the world nowadays.

    This deep red fruit is chock-full of beneficial bioactive compounds known as phytochemicals. The most abundant phytochemicals in pomegranate are polyphenols including the ellagitannins, which are also found in walnuts. The red color of the fruit juice is because of natural pigments known as anthocyanins.

    Plants, flowers, and fruits use pigmentation to protect themselves from harmful UV radiation from the sun and other environmental stressors. So when we consume plant foods containing pigments such as anthocyanins, they also help us to deal better with stress, radiation, and environmental toxins.

    Compared to the edible pulp, the inedible pomegranate peel contains three times as many beneficial polyphenols and is used to make dietary supplements.

    In a 2004 laboratory study, cold-pressed pomegranate oil, carbon dioxide-extracted seed oil, and juice and peel polyphenols – all of these prevented the growth of different prostate cancer cell lines. These effects were caused by changes in how these cancer cells grew as well as by the induction of apoptosis, or programmed cell death.

    In another study, mice containing prostate cancer tumors were given pomegranate seed oil, peel polyphenols, or saline (0.9% salt solution). Mice given pomegranate extracts had significantly smaller tumor volumes relative to mice injected with saline. The first clinical trial of pomegranate juice in men with prostate cancer showed that, on average, study participants who drank the juice had an increase in their prostate-specific antigen (PSA) doubling time, from 15 months before treatment to 54 months after treatment. In other words, their increase in PSA levels was slowed down nearly 4-fold.

    Currently, further clinical trials are being carried out on the effects of pomegranate-extract pill, pomegranate juice, and pomegranate liquid extract for the treatment of prostate cancer.

    To benefit from the anti-cancer benefits of the pomegranate, simply consume the fruit on its own or in fruit and vegetable salads. Fresh-pressed juice from organic, non-irradiated pomegranates is also hugely beneficial, not only for prostate cancer risk but also for cardiovascular health.



  • Prostate Cancer Part 1

    Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer affecting men, with nearly a million new cases diagnosed globally every year. It is also the second leading cause of death from cancer in men. Fortunately, prostate cancer has a nearly 90% survival rate after diagnosis.

    Around 60% of men over the age of 65 will develop prostate cancer

    Around 60% of men over the age of 65 will develop prostate cancer

    Age, race, diet, lifestyle, environmental, and genetic factors are all believed to play a role in determining prostate cancer risk. According to the American Cancer Society, roughly one in seven American men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during his lifetime. This cancer is typically seen in 60% or more of American men who are 65 years or older, but most men diagnosed with prostate cancer will not die from it.

    What is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)?

    An enlarged prostate often leads to difficulty with urination

    An enlarged prostate often leads to difficulty with urination

    The prostate is about the size of a walnut and is located directly under the bladder in front of the rectum. It surrounds the urethra, the tube that carries urine and semen out of the body. Because of this, the prostate gland can affect urine control, known as continence.

    Thousands of tiny glands in the prostate make a fluid that forms semen, and also protects and nourishes the sperm. The prostate gland also makes a protein known as PSA (prostate-specific antigen), which helps to keep semen in a liquid state.

    In some men the prostate grows bigger as they grow older, squeezing the urethra. Eventually the urethra may collapse, making it more difficult to pass urine. This condition is known as Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH).

    BPH is considered to be a normal part of aging in men and is likely caused by changes in hormone levels. It can lead to:

    Difficulties with getting urine started and completely stopped

    A frequent feeling of needing to urinate

    Weak urine stream

    The sense that the bladder has not completely emptied after urination

    In rare instances, BPH may block the bladder, making urination difficult or impossible. This can lead to bladder infections or stones, or even kidney damage.

    However, it is important to remember that BPH does not cause prostate cancer. It also doesn’t affect a man’s ability to have children, nor does it cause erection problems.

    Typical Prostate Cancer Symptoms

    Prostate cancer develops when gland cells in the prostate begin to grow uncontrollably

    Prostate cancer develops when gland cells in the prostate begin to grow uncontrollably

    Almost all prostate cancers are known as adenocarcinomas – this is the scientific name given to cancers that begin in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids. Prostate cancer develops when gland cells in the prostate begin to grow uncontrollably. Overall it is a very slow to moderately rapidly progressing disease. In fact, it is estimated that up to 80 percent of men in their eighties and older may have had prostate cancer when they died – without either them or their doctors knowing about it!

    Often, people with prostate cancer do not experience any early symptoms. Advanced prostate cancer can cause men to urinate more often or have a weaker flow of urine, but these symptoms can also be caused by non-cancerous prostate conditions. That being said, typical symptoms of prostate cancer include:

    Frequent urination

    Difficulty in starting or continuing urination

    Weak urine flow

    Blood in urine or semen

    Painful or burning urination

    Some combination of all these

    Fortunately, prostate cancer is one of the few cancers that can be completely cured, especially when it is localized to the prostate.

    What is Metastatic Prostate Cancer?

    Metastatic Prostate CancerProstate cancer is said to have become “metastatic” or “metastasized” when it spreads to other parts of the body from the prostate. Prostate cancer cells prefer to metastasize to lymph nodes, ribs, pelvic bones, and spine, although they may also spread to the liver or lungs. Very rarely they may also spread to other organs, such as the brain.

    During metastasis, some cancer cells break away from the original tumor and move to a blood or lymph vessel, allowing them to move freely throughout the entire body. Eventually though they stop or get stuck in capillaries – which are tiny, narrow blood vessels – at some distant location.

    Some of these cancer cells break through the capillary walls and attach themselves to nearby tissues or organs. If they succeed, they may start to grow – and eventually recruit new blood vessels to bring nutrients to feed themselves, creating a growing tumor.

    Not all cancer cells that break away from their original site are able to form new tumors. Many don’t survive in the bloodstream. Others may die when they reach the new tissue, while still others just sit there for years, never becoming “active.”

    It is estimated that roughly 50 percent of men diagnosed with local prostate cancer will develop metastatic cancer during their lifetime. However, this cancer responds to treatment even after metastasis – and some patients survive for many years even after the cancer has migrated to distant parts of the body. Clearly, the key is to catch prostate cancer early and manage it well. However, how exactly this needs to be done is the topic of a fierce, ongoing debate.

    Prostate Cancer Detection: How Reliable is the PSA Test?

    The PSA test is not a reliable indicator of prostate cancer as there are many factors that can elevate PSA levels

    The PSA test is not a reliable indicator of prostate cancer as there are many factors that can elevate PSA levels

    Most mainstream healthcare givers will advise that a man gets his prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels tested regularly as the best way to catch prostate cancer early and remove or treat it safely.

    However, are higher than normal PSA levels really suggestive of prostate cancer onset? Should men with high PSA levels automatically allow themselves to get biopsied and undergo invasive treatments such as surgery and radiation therapy?

    Not necessarily, because there is evidence to suggest that a biopsy or prostate removal can actually cause a dormant cancer to spread throughout the rest of the body. Not only that – according to recent evidence the PSA test may not be a reliable indicator of prostate cancer risk at all!

    Instead, high PSA levels may only indicate that there’s inflammation in the body – which can include cancer, but not necessarily. It seems that general infections, benign swelling of the prostate including BPH, and even over-the-counter drugs can all elevate PSA levels.

    In the U.S., most healthcare givers appear to be behind the curve, because in spite of the PSA test’s unreliability, prostate cancers are still diagnosed by screening with a PSA blood test or with a digital rectal examination. There is no clear evidence that either of these screening methods reduces the risk of death from prostate cancer – or that the benefits are greater than the harms of screening.

    It is certainly true that these tests are able to detect prostate cancer at an early stage, but it doesn’t necessarily follow that earlier detection and subsequent treatment means better outcomes.

    For instance, over 38,000 men were offered PSA testing for six 6 years and digital rectal examination for four years in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial. Another 38,000 men received usual care as the control group. After seven years, there was no difference in prostate cancer incidence between the screening and the control groups. Not only that, the rate of death from prostate cancer was very low and did not differ significantly between the two groups either.

    While there is a clear trend toward lower mortality for prostate cancer in some countries, it’s unclear whether this trend is related to screening methods. Instead, other factors such as better and safer treatment modalities may be responsible.

    How to Turn On “Tumor Killer Genes”

    While the debate about the efficacy of prostate cancer screening rages on, a growing school of thought believes that a healthy diet, proper nutrition, and an active, healthy lifestyle may help to lower prostate cancer risk significantly. For instance, a pilot study on American men with low risk of prostate cancer found that following an intensive healthy diet and lifestyle regime – specifically, low meat and high vegetable and fruit intake, regular exercise, yoga, and meditation – can actually change how cancer progresses by turning on “tumor killer genes” and turning down or turning off the expression of so-called “tumor promoters.”

    While most people understand the concept of eating healthy food, not everyone understands the role that proper nutrition plays in lowering disease risk. For instance, some studies suggest a predictive link between vitamin deficiency and cancer.

    A vitamin is an organic compound (containing one or more carbon atoms) and is usually a vital nutrient that we require in limited amounts for our bodies to work properly. An organic compound or related set of compounds is called a vitamin when we cannot make it in our bodies in sufficient quantities, so that we are forced to get it in our diet. For example, ascorbic acid or vitamin C is a vitamin for humans because we cannot make it in our bodies at all. However, other animals can make enough and don’t need to get it in their diet, so it’s not a vitamin for them.

    Let’s take a look at the role played by vitamins in prostate cancer risk, as shown by various scientific and clinical studies.

    Why Getting Adequate Vitamin D is Vital

    metabolism of vitamin DKnown as the “sunshine vitamin,” up to 80-90 percent of the vitamin D we need is made in our body when our skin is exposed to sunlight – specifically to UVB radiation. The most important versions of vitamin D are vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) and vitamin D2 (ergocalciferol). Very few foods contain vitamin D, because it only occurs naturally in low levels in some fatty fish, fish liver oils, and egg yolks. It is also present in fortified dairy and grain products.

    Vitamin D is essential for strong bones because it helps the body absorb and use calcium from food. It is responsible for increasing intestinal absorption of calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphate, and zinc – and it also helps to maintain adequate blood levels of calcium and phosphate.

    Traditionally, vitamin D deficiency has been associated with rickets, a disease in which the bone doesn’t properly mineralize, resulting in soft bones and skeletal deformities.

    We know that vitamin D helps to improve muscle strength and immune function, along with reducing inflammation. However, it is only recently that the full extent of the role played by vitamin D in protecting us against disease has been revealed.

    Specifically, vitamin D deficiency has been linked to a higher risk of developing up to 14 types of cancer, diabetes, heart disease, osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, multiple sclerosis, and autism – and quite possibly many more ailments that we don’t yet know of.

    Multiple studies show that vitamin D deficiency increases prostate cancer risk. Vitamin D is transported in the blood by a protein known as vitamin D–binding protein (VDBP). In laboratory experiments, another protein made from VDBP known as VDBP-macrophage activating factor (VDBP-maf) has been shown to block the ability of prostate cancer cells to grow, migrate, and move from its original area to other parts of the body (metastasis).

    In another interesting experiment, researchers examined tumor growth in a mouse model of prostate cancer in which the ability to use vitamin D had been blocked – and found that tumor growth in these mice was noticeably quicker than normal. Moving on to human studies, vitamin D levels were consistently found to be deficient over a period of 5 years in patients with non-metastatic prostate cancer.

    In another study, patients with the lowest levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D were seen to have a higher overall risk of developing metastatic prostate cancer. This result indicates that 25-hydroxyvitamin D may play a role in prostate cancer progression – and that it may even be a reliable prognostic marker in prostate cancer patients. (Note: 25-hydroxyvitamin D is a pre-hormone made in the liver from vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol). Measuring 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels is used to determine a person’s vitamin D status.)

    In a case-control study, men who had lower vitamin D levels before prostate biopsy were more likely to have prostate cancer than men whose pre-biopsy vitamin D levels were higher.

    Another study examined the potential link between vitamin D levels and survival in veterans. It found that veterans who were initially vitamin D deficient were significantly less likely to survive. Both initial and follow-up vitamin D deficiency meant a reduced likelihood of survival after prostate cancer diagnosis.

    Another study with 1,447 cases of prostate cancer showed that men deficient in vitamin D had a 2-fold increased risk of advanced versus localized cancer and high-grade versus low-grade cancer. In other words, lower vitamin D levels were associated with having far more aggressive cancers.

    Sunlight is by far the most reliable way of obtaining vitamin D. It comes as no surprise that men with low levels of sun exposure had an increased risk of prostate cancer. Interestingly however, among men who already had prostate cancer, less sun exposure was associated with lower risk of advanced disease.

    Most people are not spending enough time in the sun to produce adequate vitamin D

    Most people are not spending enough time in the sun to produce adequate vitamin D

    The geographic distribution of deaths because of prostate cancer is inversely related to UV radiation exposure. In other words, the more sunlight and UV radiation you’re exposed to, the lower your risk of developing and dying from this disease.

    The sad reality is that vitamin D deficiency has reached epidemic proportions in the U.S. and many other parts of the world, simply because people do not spend enough time in the sun.

    Get Your Vitamin D Levels Checked

    To manage your risk for developing up to 14 forms of cancer and many other life-altering diseases, you need to regularly monitor and maintain 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in your blood. Optimal vitamin D levels are between 60-100 ng/ml with the ideal range between 80-100 ng/ml for individuals looking to prevent or slow cancer growth. Having less than 50 ng/ml is considered to be vitamin D deficiency.

    If you can, letting your own body make vitamin D from sun exposure is by far the easiest and the best way to optimize your vitamin D levels. However, occasional sun exposure to your face and hands is not enough for this. Instead, you need to expose large portions of your skin to the sun for an average of 10-20 minutes at a time.

    Ultraviolet light from the sun comes in two main wavelengths – UVA and UVB. UVB is the healthy wavelength that helps your skin make vitamin D. Unlike UVA, UVB levels are low in morning and evening and high at midday. So to use the sun to maximize your vitamin D production, you need to expose your skin during the middle of the day. During this period most people with fair skin will make enough vitamin D with just 10-20 minutes of sun exposure. The darker your skin, the longer exposure you will need to optimize your vitamin D production.

    Depending on where you live, this amount of sun exposure may be next to impossible, particularly through the winter months. As a result, supplementation is recommended for most. As a general guideline, take 1,000 IUs per 25 pounds (11.3 kg) of body weight to slowly raise your vitamin D levels into range or take 2,000 IUs per 25 pounds of body weight to quickly raise your vitamin D levels.

    Because vitamin D is a fat-soluble nutrient, it is important to take the supplement with a fat-based meal for optimal absorption.

    Research on the Impact of Vitamin E for Prostate Cancer Prevention

    Good sources of vitamin E include olive oil, nuts, seeds and egg yolks.

    Good sources of vitamin E include olive oil, nuts, seeds and egg yolks.

    Vitamin E was discovered in 1922 and occurs in 8 different forms – of these, alpha-tocopherol (the form commonly found in dietary supplements) is the most abundant in the body and the most biologically active. On the other hand, most dietary vitamin E is gamma-tocopherol. Food sources of vitamin E include wheat germ, nuts, nut butters, seeds, egg yolks, olives and olive oil. Vegetable oils and margarine are also sources of vitamin E, however we recommend you avoid these products due to their inflammatory properties.

    Studies suggest that vitamin E may protect against a number of chronic diseases, thanks to its actions as a powerful antioxidant. An antioxidant prevents or reduces the damage caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS) or free radicals. Free radicals react chemically with cellular structures such as DNA and proteins, damaging them and contributing to aging and chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, and cancer.

    The NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study set out to determine whether supplemental vitamin E and dietary gamma-tocopherol can prevent prostate cancer. Study participants filled out questionnaires and were followed for five years. At the end of the study, no association was found between vitamin E supplementation and prostate cancer risk. However, high consumption of dietary gamma-tocopherol was seen to lower the risk of advanced prostate cancer.

    In another study, prostate cancer patients were seen to have significantly lower levels of vitamin E in their blood than healthy control subjects, although there is no evidence for cause and effect.

    Participants in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian (PLCO) Screening Trial were tested for blood levels of alpha-tocopherol and gamma-tocopherol, relative to their prostate cancer risk. An inverse relationship was observed between alphatocopherol levels and prostate cancer, but only in current and recently former smokers. In other words, the more alpha-tocopherol these people had in their blood, the lower their prostate cancer risk.

    In the Physicians’ Health Study II, participants who were randomly assigned to receive 400 IU of synthetic alpha-tocopherol every other day for an average of 8 years had the same rates of prostate cancer as the control group, suggesting that vitamin E may not prevent prostate cancer. Furthermore, vitamin E supplementation did not have an effect on deaths because of prostate cancer in these participants.

    Other studies have suggested that genetic variations in specific genes may have an influence on the effect of alpha-tocopherol supplementation on prostate cancer risk. Clinical trials are ongoing to determine the efficacy and safety of various forms of vitamin E – both on its own and with other therapies – for prostate cancer treatment.

    As you can see, there is no clear cut evidence yet for the exact role of vitamin E in determining prostate cancer risk. However, supplementation may lower your risk and provide some protection against more aggressive forms of prostate cancer. In any case, you want to ensure that you are not deficient in vitamin E.

    Should Men Consider Modified Citrus Pectin (MCP) Supplementation to Lower Prostate Cancer Risk?

    "Pectin” is a carbohydrate substance that is found naturally in the inner cell wall of most plants. It is especially concentrated in the peel and pulp of citrus fruits, including grapefruits, oranges, limes, and lemons

    “Pectin” is a carbohydrate substance that is found naturally in the inner cell wall of most plants. It is especially concentrated in the peel and pulp of citrus fruits, including grapefruits, oranges, limes, and lemons

    Strictly speaking, modified citrus pectin (MCP) is not part of everyone’s diet. Instead, citrus pectin is a complex carbohydrate found in the peel and pulp of citrus fruit that has traditionally been used as a thickening agent for jams and jellies. When “modified” by treatment with high pH and temperature, it dissolves better in water and is more readily absorbed by the body.

    Preliminary research suggests that MCP may protect against various types of cancer, including colon, lung, and prostate cancer by inducing so-called “programmed cell death” or apoptosis, and by interfering with tumor cell metastasis (migration of tumor cells to other areas of the body).

    MCP has also been shown to activate so-called “natural killer cells,” indicating that it may be able to boost immune system activity against cancer cells.

    MCP is known to target galectin-3, a protein that is involved in the growth and migration of cancer cells to other parts of the body. MCP sticks to galectin-3, making the cell “slippery” and blocking the ability of galectin-3 to promote tumor growth and metastasis.

    In a 2007 laboratory study, prostate cancer cells were treated with different pectins, including citrus pectin and fractionated pectin powder (FPP). While both killed the cancer cells, FPP induced more apoptosis than regular citrus pectin – suggesting that specific structural features of pectin may be responsible for its ability to induce apoptosis (cancer cell death) in prostate cancer cells.

    Another study looked at the effects of MCP on the metastasis of prostate cancer cells injected into rats. Treatment with low to moderate doses reduced lung metastases but did not affect the growth of the main tumor.

    In a 2007 study, patients with advanced solid tumors including prostate cancer received 5 grams of powdered MCP 3-times daily for eight weeks. Most patients in this study reported improvements in their physical functioning and overall health status, along with a reduction in fatigue, pain, and insomnia. Best of all, up to a quarter of these patients had stable disease after treatment.

    If you think MCP will benefit you and you want to add it to your daily diet, experts recommend taking 1 teaspoon (5 g) three times daily of PectaSol-C, the only high quality brand of MCP that has been validated for purity.



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